About 4,500 were enemy aliens and british nationals of german ancestry already resident in. This article about a nonfiction book on world war ii is a stub. Mathew trinca is the general manager of collections and content at the national museum of australia. Civilian internees in australia the australian war memorial. Christgaus afterword for this bison books edition relates additional stories of world war ii alien restriction, detention, and internment that surfaced after this book was originally published, and he draws parallels between the alien internment of world war ii and events in this country since september 11, 2001. The authors interviewed survivors in britain, the us, and australia. Civilians from enemy nations, even if born in australia, were subjects of suspicion and locked away in internment camps. In taking civilian internees and prisoners of war from overseas during the. Australia interned almost 7,000 people during the first world war. Japanese internment in australia during ww2 by yuriko nagata. Nearly 15000 civilians were interned in australian camps during world war ii. His 2006 book in the interest of national security won the john and patricia. Australia interned about 7000 residents, including nationals from over 30 other countries, such as.
Prisonersofwar were shipped from the other side of the world and shut away in camps in country australia. Internment during world war ii australia in 1939 thousands of australian residents suddenly found themselves identified as potential threats to australias national security. In 1939 thousands of australian residents suddenly found themselves identified as potential threats to australias national security. The national library of australia bookshop, located in canberra, sells books and merchandise by australian authors and artists, and prizewinning international books. Klaus neumann, in the interest of national security. The number of enemy aliens from overseas who were interned in australia was. Internment in australia during world war ii uqp studies in australian history. Wholesale orders also available for booksellers and retailers. Australian prisoners of war 19411945 by hank nelson. They included around 4500 enemy aliens and british nationals of german ancestry living in australia. The most dramatic response was the internment of many german, italian and japanese residents in camps overseas and australianborn, and naturalised british subjects. Civilian internees australia print australian war memorial. In the case of italians, however, he believed that a large number were recent emigrants from italy, and therefore posed a threat to public security.
With the outbreak of world war ii, there were concerns in australia about german fifthcolumnists. Australia s internment policy and its implementation. Joan beaumont is the director of the faculty of arts at the college of arts and social sciences at the australian national university, the author of gull force. Internment in australia during world war ii writework. Captured lives, australias wartime internment camps by peter. Internees from overseas national library of australia. Survival and leadership in captivity, 19411945, and the editor of australian defence. War, internment and australias italians spizzica, mia, spizzica, mia, reiter. By 1941 to 1942, many also feared a japanese invasion. During world war ii, australian authorities established internment. Internees were civilians who were deemed to be potentially dangerous to national security. The outbreak of world war ii triggered a mass fear of invasion by germany and later japan. Internment in australia during world war ii uqp studies in australian history bevege, margaret on. With the introduction of national security act 1939 during world war ii, thousands of men, women and children were placed into internment camps all over australia allowing the accommodation of internees and prisoners of war in internment camps.
They spent the war interned in harsh, prisonlike camps throughout the. Chapter two internments in australia during world war. President bushs opponents have attacked every homeland defense policy as tantamount to the racist and unjustified world war ii internment. Bushs own transportation secretary, norm mineta, continues to milk his childhood experience at a relocation camp as an excuse to ban profiling at airports. Claudio alcorso, who had migrated to australia in 1938 as a refugee from mussolinis anti. Captured lives peers behind the barbed wire drawn around people deemed threats to australias security during the two world wars. Browse the amazon editors picks for the best books of 2019, featuring our favorite. During world war i and world war ii, australia held both prisoners of war and internees. Booktopia has captured lives, australias wartime internment camps by peter monteath.811 129 1309 569 605 517 527 138 356 1331 86 87 699 1195 645 674 774 1395 1398 449 1302 1458 1299 1483 662 1408 915 591 1034 415 903 1163 588 1492 315 76 1227 1011 862 1289 957